Mark S. Fox, University of Toronto
Peter Parslow, Ordinance Survey
Heng Qian, Shandong Computer Science Center
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Virtual Session 2
Title: "The architecture of urban information"
Speaker: Dr. Ying Jin, Reader in Architecture and Urbanism, Director, The Martin Centre
Abstract: One important, although currently under-researched aspect of city-level data standards and modelling is how the interactions among the urban activities influence the articulation of data at the city scale. The significance of most elements of urban data is largely determined by their context. Furthermore, the approach to understanding the interactions among urban activities can directly affect how those activities are coordinated. For instance, those cities which have achieved high shares of travel on public transport, cycling and walking have in place sophisticated mechanisms in planning, design, business management and governance to coordinate not only among the means of travel and transport infrastructure provision, but also with urban land use, built form, social service delivery, etc. Existing experiences in urban mathematical modelling, particularly those incorporating the mechanisms of spatial equilibrium among activities, could shed useful light on how to articulate and structure urban information. However, such urban modelling work have historically suffered a major drawback in the data sources they can use: the data used has largely been collected for administrative, statistical, corporate or social activism purposes that may only partially fit the needs of interactive urban modelling, and is often heavily redacted for confidentiality. There have been very few opportunities where an urban modeller can design and implement data collection and assembly processes. This forms a clear contrast with e.g. weather modelling, which started around the same time as urban modelling, but have increasingly been able to dictate its own data collection, e.g. through earth observation systems.
This paper builds on the theoretical and practical experience of interactive urban modelling and considers the options that can lead to more fully fledged architecture of urban information. Ying Jin is a Reader in Architecture and Urbanism at Dept. of Architecture, Cambridge University. He will draw upon the new data and modelling work from his recently completed projects including that for the Cambridge Centre for Digital Built Britain, for national modelling at the UK2070 Commission and the proceedings he has been editing with Michael Batty, Marcial Echenique and Michael Wegener for the British Academy.
Title: "Technical challenges for delivering a Digital Built Britain"
Speaker: Dr. Matthew West. Matthew has decades of experience in information management where he has been at the forefront of thinking on data quality, data modelling, master data management, business intelligence, enterprise architecture and ontology. He worked for Shell from 1978, and since 1987 on the computing/business interface. He has made a leading contribution to a number of ISO standards for data and information, including ISO 15926, ISO 18876, and ISO 8000. Matthew is the author of "Developing High Quality Data Models".
Abstract: Digital Built Britain is about delivering seamless, fit for purpose information to those who need it throughout the built and natural environment and those services that depend on them. Key challenges are:
- Ensuring that data is consistent, so that data from anywhere across the built and natural environment can be brought together and used immediately, without the need to translate.
- The need to be able to implement Digital Built Britain incrementally.
This means we will need to be able to “think big but act small”. Specifically, we need approaches that enable us to extend the scope of Digital Built Britain without having to rework what has already been done to ensure backwards compatibility, something that has been a problem for previous initiatives. The talk will explore the issues this raises and approaches that have been taken in other industries to meet the requirements they give rise to.
Title: "Development and application of an interoperable reference architecture for smart safe cities"
Speaker: Josh Lieberman, PhD, Director Innovation Programs, Open Geospatial Consortium
Abstract: The Smart City Interoperability Reference Architecture (SCIRA) is a project of the OGC Innovation Program sponsored by the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Science & Technology (S&T). The purpose of the SCIRA project is to advance standards for Smart Safe Cities and develop open, interoperable designs for incorporating Internet of Things (IoT) sensors into city services. SCIRA is providing free deployment guides, reusable design patterns, and other resources that municipalities can use to plan, acquire, and implement standards-based, cost-effective, vendor-agnostic, and future-proof Smart City IT systems and networks using technologies such as Internet of Things (IoT), Sensor Webs, and Geospatial Frameworks. A pilot activity is presently implementing SCIRA to address public safety needs in collaboration with the City of St. Louis.