40 Oaks / Christian Resource Centre

40 Oak Street
Toronto, Ontario

40 Oaks Christian Resource Centre

Type: New construction
Size: 10,000 sf +
Project Cost: $23million
Development Partners:
— Toronto United Church Council
— Toronto Christian Resource Centre
— Toronto Community Housing Corporation
— City of Toronto
— Federal & Provincial Government
Status: Opened in 2012

40 Oaks is a community hub for social services and grass roots organizations as well as an affordable housing initiative that was included in the first phase of the Regent Park redevelopment. The five-storey project includes 87 units of deeply affordable housing, a 5,000 square foot community hub where people can gather and participate in activities geared to their needs, offices, a commercial kitchen, a non-denominational chapel, a public park and a community food garden. It also houses the United Church of Canada archives. It is operated by the Toronto Christian Resource Centre (CRC).

Complexity / Collaboration

The CRC started as the social justice mission of members of Rosedale United Church. This property, where Regent Park United Church used to stand and located in the heart of Regent Park, has been leased to the CRC since 1952. It was one of only four properties not owned by the Toronto Community Housing Corporation (TCHC), all of them churches. From its beginning, the CRC delivered services and programs for Regent Park residents and the homeless. When the Regent Park revitalization plans got under way, a land swap was arranged with TCHC. CRC agreed to give up a portion of its land in exchange for a new site along the north edge of a new linear park. The church was subsequently demolished and 40 Oaks was built. The project required close collaboration between all partners and the community.

User Interaction / Partnership Framework

The CRC has a 50-year lease of the land, which is owned by the Toronto United Church Council. CRC runs programs in partnership with other agencies that joined to expand overall services. The housing component was originally managed by Dixon Hall. In terms of interface between the housing and social components, the project intended to provide a distinction between the residential area and the public services which the CRC has historically provided to the entire community. To do so they provided separate entrances to the residences on the west face and to the non-denominational chapel on the east side.

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Cost / Funding

The United Church Council’s contribution of the land through a long term lease made it a viable project. The total capital cost for the construction of the 87-unit residential component of the building was approximately $13.5 million plus waived Development Charges and Fees. Funding contribu- tions included Federal-Provincial Affordable Hous- ing Program funding of $6 million, City funds from the Mayor’s Homelessness Initiative Reserve Fund of $1.4 million, CRC equity and financing of ap- proximately $4.8 million, TCHC equity of almost $1 million, and waived City development charges and fees of approximately $600,000. Total cost for the building escalated to $23 million, with a large por- tion of the funding for the social component of the project contributed by the United Church. Some of the CRC’s operations funding comes through rent from its housing and from the City of Toronto, but the majority comes from donations.


At  40 Oaks the residential spaces benefit from  an unusual structural system that allows for column-free spaces through much of the upper floors, allowing for flexibility both now and later should use change.


This project benefitted from the efforts of many dedicated staff and volunteers.

Unique Features

40 Oaks is the only building in Regent Park that was not built by either TCHC or Daniels. The development of the building is the result of grassroots collaborations and consultations shepherded by the CRC over several years. It is hailed as social architecture of a high order, special partly because of its compassionate purpose.

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